EL MODEL DELS 6 TRETS DE L'ESCRIPTURA

Presentació a l'escola del model dels sis trets de l'escriptura i els aspectes que s'han de treballar per elaborar bons escrits, independentment de la tipologia textual.




Més informació sobre aquest model - marc de treball de l'escriptura:

The Six Traits Writing Model by Ginny Hoover
(A Writing Model for K-12)
Ideas and Content, Organization, Word Choice, Voice, Sentence Fluency, and Conventions

The Six Traits Writing Model, designed to guide instruction and to help in objective scoring of writing, is unlike many writing programs. It does not provide an inflexible pattern that children must follow often stifling their creativity. Instead, the Six Traits Model provides a description for each characteristic of quality writing, defined further by bulleted explanations. The process for achieving those qualities is left to the writer.external image 6-trait.gif

Many advantages are gained from its use. First, Six Traits provides a common language. As an instructor of language arts, the problem of multiple names often arises. When teaching "a, an, and the," what should they be called? Noun markers? Adjectives? Articles? When a district adopts the Six Traits, it is a given that students will learn to recognize the terminology used with the model. This is helpful in the discourse between teacher-student and student-student. The common language becomes a useful tool for revision and editing. When someone notes that the piece lacks Voice, it would be understood that the uniqueness of the writer is missing.

Another advantage is that the instruction is directly related to evaluation (as should be in all instruction-but doesn't always happen). The rubrics of Six Traits are also the instructional topics. The rubrics therefore are guidelines for quality writing as well as scoring descriptors. The teacher evaluates exactly what has been taught.
Because the descriptors are comprehensive and easy to understand, scoring writing becomes a simple task. State scorers, for instance, are expected to read and score 12-15 papers per hour. The rubrics are constantly in front of the scorers for reference, and papers are assigned the points earned by the student's performance as a writer according to the descriptors. The rubrics are based on a five-point system (only 1, 3, and 5 are defined). This point system has been criticized by some because scorers move toward the "3" rating as average instead of reading the descriptors. There are states that use the Six Traits for state assessment who have changed to a six-point system to avoid this tendency.
external image sixtraitB.jpg
Although many teachers do it, it is not recommended that percentages be used with rubrics. If the purpose of the writing lesson was to teach about quality thesis statements, then the grade should be based on the success of the lesson. Secondly, a scoring should be done with the Six Traits rubrics. This is the next advantage that is gained through the use of Six Traits. The scores throughout the year can be plotted on a graph and growth of the writer can be observed. The comparison of the beginning of the year-end of year samples is not valid proof of growth. Two writing samples are of little value. The graph with regular plotting of scores throughout the year will show weaknesses, strengths, and growth or lack of growth. This valuable information can drive instruction.

Using the Six Traits Model does not mean that previously created writing assignments will be discarded. Instead, those assignments can be reviewed and then categorized as to how they would fit into teaching the different traits. When teaching the five-step writing process, all the traits will fit eventually into the different steps. For instance, Organization is being taught when addressing lead, thesis statement, and conclusions.

When faculties have been trained in the Six Traits model, it can be used in Writing Across the Curriculum activities. Posters regarding the traits can be place in all rooms as a reminder to the students that writing standards will be upheld. The model works well with all classes and writing assignments. The advantages of the knowing Six Traits will then apply across the curriculum. For instance, a history teacher might give a research assignment and ask that Voice be used only in the summary of the research, and teachers who give essay tests will benefit from the Organization taught with the model. Students will learn that quality writing is not reserved to the English room.


From Writing Smart

The Six Trait Writing Model is a system that is designed to teach students the craft of quality writing. The system is structured around six traits which supply a framework in which teachers can provide focused, detailed feedback and instruction. The six traits of writing create a common format for discussing, critiquing, and celebrating writing. The Six Trait Model has proven to be a very effective system for analyzing and improving writing performance and writing skills.six_traits.gif

The Six Trait Writing Model comprises the following traits:

  • Ideas and Content. The message the writer conveys, what the writer has to say. This should be fresh and original, unique to the writers' personal experience. The content should contain details to support the main message.

  • Word Choice. Words that are precise and accurate. The writer should use strong action verbs and descriptive adjectives.

  • Conventions. Punctuation, grammar, spelling, capitalization, paragraph structure. These elements should be used to make the writing content easy to read, accessible to the reader, and provide a smooth ride.

  • Voice. The unique personality of the writer. The reader should get a sense that a real, truthful person is writing the content, is behind the words and meanings on the page.

  • Sentence Fluency. The ability to create smooth flow and rhythm of the sentence structure. The fluency of short vs. long sentences should carry the reader along seamlessly.

  • Organization. The overall logical and efficient structure of the content. The introduction of the plot or theme, the build-up, the climax, and the resolution should all be introduced and addressed with proper timing and balance.

Many teachers of the Six Trait Writing Model will apply the correct rubric, or scoring structure, when applying the Six Trait Model to pieces of writing, thus achieving a measurable and consistent scoring system that can be universally applied to many forms of writing. The Six Trait Writing Model has become a favorite writing education tool among teachers today.



Aquí teniu dos llibres força interessants sobre els "sis trets de l'escriptura": activitats, processos d'escriptura, avaluació, instrucció, andamiatge...
Cliqueu els llibres per informar-vos del contingut i d'altres llibres de la Vicki Spandle
Creating-Writers-Through-6-Trait-Writing-Spandel-Vicki-9780205619108.jpg creating-young-writers-using-six-traits-enrich-writing-vicki-spandel-paperback-cover-art.jpg


Dos molt bons recursos online que expliquen el model dels Sis Trets de l'escriptura:



I també:
Free mini lessonsto introduce the six traits writing model
From Kim's Corner Teacher Talk Six Traits analytic writing model.


More information pertaining to the Six Traits Writing Model can be found at NWREL at http://www.nwrel.org/eval/writing/.

In addition, instructional suggestions and an extensive listing of Internet sites are available at Ginny's Educational WebPages http://www.geocities.com/ginnyks/communications.html.

How to teach Creative Writing to children: http://www.ehow.com/how_5174373_teach-creative-writing-children.html